Colds (common colds) and also the Flu (influenza) are contagious infections that have an effect on the respiratory system.
Each are mobile sicknesses, unfold through coughing and inborn reflex.
Colds usually are confined to the higher metastasis system—the nose and throat—but the flu affects the lungs and in severe cases could cause death, particularly in senior people, young kids, and people with a compromised immune system.
Causes of Cold and Flu
Both the cold and flu are usually caused by viruses. in keeping with the Mayo Clinic, there are over a hundred viruses which will cause cold symptoms (Mayo Clinic, 2013).
There are many various viruses which will cause the flu.
In keeping with the globe Health Organization, the health profession combines the 3 most typical viruses (A, B, and C) beneath the heading of seasonal flu.
Type A flu has many sub types or strains, and is believed to be the foremost dangerous of the 3 viruses that cause flu.
Researchers believe that strains of ‘A’ flu were liable for the worldwide outbreaks of flu in 1918, 1957, and 1968 (WHO, 2009).
Symptoms of Cold
Symptoms of cold are unpleasant, however not typically dangerous. Starting 2 to 3 weeks when infected, they are:
- Sore throat.
- Stuffy nose caused by buildup of secretion or phlegm.
- Swelling of sinuses.
- Sneeze and/or coughing.
- General sense of being tired and out of types.
Adults typically don’t run temperatures once they have a chilly, however kids will run temperatures of up to 102 degrees.
The symptoms of the common cold typically last from forty eight hours to fourteen days. The majority recuperate absolutely at intervals of ten days.
Symptoms of Flu
The respiratory disorder has several symptoms in common with a chilly, however there are some vital variations further.
Symptoms that set the respiratory disorder except a typical cold include:
- Severe fever, ;often of sudden onset
- Colds (related to fever)
- Muscle aches and joint pain
Cold and Flu Treatments
There is no cure for common cold, however there are medications which can make the symptoms a lot endurable.
These embrace over-the-counter pain and fever relievers, nasal sprays to ease congestions, and cough medications.
If you’ve got many medical conditions, take prescription medications, or are designing treatment for a young kid, refer to your doctor or caregiver before taking over-the-counter medications.
There also are some remedies that may facilitate your feeling better.
These embrace drinking plenty of water to remain hydrous, obtaining the maximum amount rest as doable, employing a humidifier to moisten the air and create respiration easier, and relieving throat pain with salt water gargles.
These same interventions may facilitate ease symptoms of the flu.
Most adults don’t need medical intervention and get over the flu between 3 to 5 days.
In step with the Minnesota Department of Health, you must look for medical attention if you meet any of the subsequent criteria:
- You are pregnant or have just given birth
- The patient is under two years old
- You have other severe health conditions, especially those involving the lungs (e.g., COPD)
- You are 65 years old or older
- You are an American Indian or a Native Alaskan (Minnesota Department of Health)
In cases like these, your doctor may inflict a sort of medication referred to as associate antiviral.
The 2 antivirals most typically accustomed treat respiratory illness are oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza).
You are taking oseltamivir orally and zanamivir by dispenser. Zanamivir isn’t counseled for anyone with pre-existing metabolic process issues.
Prevention Of Cold And Flu
The best prevention for each colds and flu is nice hygiene.
Make certain to scrub your hands fastidiously and frequently.
It conjointly helps to stay your home and appliances clean and as germ-free as potential.
If you have got a fluid nose or are coughing and sneeze, carry a stash of tissues around with you.
Discard a tissue when you blow your nose, cough, or sneeze into it.
If you’re feeling a sneeze coming back and don’t have a tissue accessible, sneeze into the crook of your arm. This helps keep your hands clean.
Stay away from people that exhibit signs of a chilly or the flu.
Throughout flu season (October through May), try and keep one’s distance from massive crowds of individuals.
Get an annual flu vassine. The vassine can defend you against the 3 viruses that are possibly to cause flu throughout the approaching season.
If you’re not keen on shots, you will be eligible to induce your vaccination as a nasal spray.